passed the House Judiciary Committee Saturday and is now headed to the House floor for a vote -- a first in state history.
Meanwhile, Republican senators had their own Cannabis Regulation Act heard in a Senate committee Saturday, too. It also passed."We came to the conclusion that legalization is coming," Sen. Cliff Pirtle, R-Roswell, said. "How can we do it in a way that's more responsible, so we don't have the negative social impacts that Colorado and other states have had?"
"So we wanted to sit down at the table and give our solution, as Republicans, to how we would like to see the regulation of cannabis," he said.
The House bill is sponsored by Democrats and would make it legal for anyone over the age of 21 to possess up to two ounces of pot and grow up to six mature plants in their home. It allows towns and cities to prohibit sales, but not ban the use or growing of plants in private homes.The Senate bill, however, does not allow for homegrown marijuana. It would create a cannabis control commission to regulate cannabis production, sales, and testing, also setting standards on the packaging.
The Republican lawmakers want childproof packaging and labels showing where the pot came from, but these aren't the only concerns when it comes to legalizing weed. Medical marijuana patients want to make sure their cannabis is protected.
"It is not like a batch of cookies where you can go buy ingredients and get more. You have to wait for a whole plant to grow itself before you can get more medicine," said Ginger Grider, a medical cannabis patients advocate. "Even with fines imposed, producers always choose to sell out on the recreational side first because they are going to make money.
"The sponsors of the Senate bill say they agree with her, which is also something Governor Michelle Lujan-Grisham wants. While the House and Senate bills may not be identical, the legalization of recreational marijuana in New Mexico appears to be on the horizon. The specifics of the idea just need to be worked out.If the House bill passes on the floor vote, it heads over to the Senate for consideration. The Senate bill still has to get through a few more Senate committees before it gets a floor vote, then heads over to the House to repeat the process.
Legislation is pending, House Bill 356, to permit the use, possession, and retail sale of cannabis for adults 21 and over.A separate proposal is also pending to permit adult use marijuana sales, Senate Bill 577, with retail stores being regulated and operated by the state government as opposed to being privately operated.
Statewide polling data shows that 60 percent of likely voters support legislation to legalize, regulate and tax marijuana sales to adults 21 and over.
Follow the link to message your lawmakers in support of legalization.
Food and cannabis can be the perfect match. But, let’s be real here: certain kinds of food tend to rule them all—chocolate and hazelnuts being at the top. Nutty, chocolate-packed, and infinitely decadent, adding cannabis to your cocoa hazelnut spread is one of the greatest pairings to be discovered since PB&J. It’s versatile enough to go on just about everything (ice cream, cookies, cake, crackers, you name it), improves even the worst days in mere seconds, and can be eaten straight out of the jar.
Because this delectable spread is so delicious, I highly recommend using a low dose of THC for your oil—you may end up eating the jar much more quickly than anticipated.
4-5 tablespoons milk (plant-based milks are also fine)
1. Preheat oven to 350° Spread hazelnuts on a baking sheet and toast for 10-15 minutes. Let cool.
2. Place a towel over the hazelnuts and roll to create friction, removing the skins. Set aside.
3. Melt chocolate (ideally over a double boiler) until shiny and smooth. Add oil and vanilla then mix to combine.
4. Add hazelnuts to a food processor with salt, cocoa, and powdered sugar. Pulse for 2-3 minutes until the mixture resembles a paste.
5. Slowly drizzle in the chocolate mixture, scraping the sides of the bowl as necessary.
6. Add milk until the mixture is desired consistency. Store in a jar at room temperature for up to two weeks.
*Note: The amount of cannaoil specified in this recipe is a very loose suggestion; the actual amount you use should be modified based on the strength of your butter and the potency you desire. Dosing homemade edibles can be tricky (click here to learn why), so the best way to test for potency is to start with one portion of a serving, wait one to two hours, then make an informed decision on whether to consume more. Always dose carefully and listen to your body, and never drive under the influence of cannabis.
Recreational marijuana is one step closer to becoming a reality in our state.
On Saturday, HB 356 advanced in the House Health and Human Services Committee. HB 356 would regulate the use, production and sale of cannabis and cannabis products for those over the age of 21.
"It's time that we end the prohibition of cannabis," said Rep. Javier Martinez, one of the sponsors of the bill.
"This proposed legislation ensures that we lead the way with a legalization framework that protects medical cannabis patients, ensures public safety, and advances social justice for low-income, communities of color."
The bill includes public health and safety provisions, as well as investments in safety and education.
It would potentially create a Community Reinvestment Fund that would be used to fund numerous resources like legal services, medical care, outreach services and education for youth.
The bill now moves to the House Judiciary Committee.
Pain is the number one reason people seek medical care—and quite possibly medical cannabis—and it affects more people than diabetes, heart disease, and cancer combined. In the clinic, pain is often treated with opioid drugs like OxyContin, Percocet, Vicodin, and Fentanyl. This has traditionally been a first-line treatment approach because they work—at first.
On their own, low doses of cannabis or opioids do not relieve pain, but in combination, they do.
But opioid use has spiraled out of control and we find ourselves amidst an opioid epidemic that cost the U.S. $504 billion in 2015 alone, claims the lives of over 30,000 annually, and damages the quality of life of countless others. Clearly, we must do something to curb the growing opioid epidemic, but unfortunately, it appears that the federal government is ignoring one of its strongest solutions: cannabis.
We know that cannabis is effective in treating chronic pain. We understand its ability to effectivelysubstitute for opioid medication, and that CBD can combat opioid abuse by reducing its rewarding effects. Here, we’ll take a look at how cannabis enhances the effects of opioids—an interaction worth exploring in an era plagued by opioid dependence and overdose.
CB1 Receptors Are Important for the Effects of Opioids
The original natural painkiller, opium, dates back to 3,400 B.C. in Southwestern Asia. Cannabis followed a half a century later. It’s unclear if they were ever used together to treat pain, but consumers would have found profound pain relief from low doses of both drugs when used together.Science is revealing that the cannabinoid and opioid systems can work synergistically to achieve greater pain relief. This interaction becomes clear when you consume super low-doses of THC or opioids; on their own, these low doses do not relieve pain, but in combination, they do.
For instance, a recent double-blinded, placebo-controlled study (the gold-standard in clinical research) investigated the effects of low-dose cannabis (5.6% THC) and the opioid drug, oxycodone (2.5 mg) on pain thresholds in human subjects. Neither THC nor oxycodone independently affected pain, but when used in combination, participants were able to withstand higher levels of painful stimuli consistent with substantial pain reductions.To achieve these pain-relieving effects, could THC’s primary target, cannabinoid type I (CB1) receptors, and opioid receptors be working together? There’s evidence that they do.Take mice that have been genetically engineered to not express CB1 receptors (that’s right, you can create mice without CB1 receptors!). These mice enjoy nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine, and they’ll eagerly press a lever to self-administer these drugs. But they won’t do it for the opioid drug, heroin. Normal mice do, but not the mice without CB1 receptors. This tells us that CB1 receptors are important in the euphoric effects of heroin. Extending these findings to pain, blocking the activity of CB1 receptors weakensmorphine’s ability to reduce pain.
So CB1 receptors are important in opioid drugs’ ability to make you feel good and reduce pain.These are two critical elements driving the opioid epidemic and an integral component of the pain experience. After all, pain is subjective. The severity of pain is determined by numerous factors including:
Incoming signals from an injured area (e.g., knee inflammation)
Cognitive factors (e.g., attention to injury)
Contextual factors (e.g., do you expect it to be painful?)
Mood factors (e.g., are you already depressed or anxious?)
Chemical factors (e.g., endocannabinoid or opioid system function)
Genetics (e.g., are you predisposed to have low opioid levels?).
Opioid medications predominately target two of these factors. First, they weaken the strength of the pain signals from the site of injury to your brain, and second, they improve your mood by boosting levels of the pleasurable dopamine chemical.
These dual effects make stopping opioid use difficult, especially when repeated opioid use leads to long-term brain changes that reduce the number of opioid receptors in the brain and body. Lower numbers of opioid receptors enable stronger pain signals to enter your brain and reduces the levels of mood-boosting dopamine. This is the phenomenon of tolerance, which leads to increased opioid consumption, the transition to stronger drugs, and increased risk for overdose and death.
CB1 and Opioid Receptors Interact
Pain signals begin at the site of injury, then make their way into the spinal cord and travel up to the brain. After exiting the spinal cord, they activate brain cells in critical pain processing regions including the periaqueductal gray, thalamus, and cortex. If you were to design a pain medication, you’d try to (a) weaken pain signals as they enter and exit the spinal cord and (b) dampen their effect in the brain.CB1 receptors and opioid receptors, specifically the µ-opioid receptors that modulate pain, are found expressed together in the spinal cord, the periaqueductal gray, and the brain’s reward centers. That is, you find these two receptors together in all the places that are important in pain relief.
Once activated by either opioids or cannabinoids, they share many common downstream signaling features. In fact, if you activate one receptor, it affects how the other one responds. This has led many to believe that the CB1 and µ-opioid receptors physicallyinteract. The consequence of this interaction depends on where in the brain they’re found, but in some cases, it means that their co-activation by low amounts of drug leads to a stronger effect than what would be predicted by activating either CB1 or opioid receptors on their own.While the physical interaction between CB1 and opioid receptors is likely important for the pain-relieving effects of cannabis and opioids, cannabis can enhance the effect of opioids by also increasing the body’s endogenous opioid levels, themselves. The effect is reciprocal; THC can increase opioid levels to help relieve pain, and using drugs to boost the body’s own opioid levels enhances THC’s pain-relieving effects.
So, taken together, cannabis can increase opioid’s pain-relieving effects by modulating opioid-receptor signaling directly through physical interaction between CB1 and opioid receptors, and by increasing the body’s own opioid levels.
Pop quiz: which of the following most closely matches your opinion of December?a. It’s the most wonderful time of the year.b. It’s the most stressful time of the year.c. It’s the best time of the year for cookies.d. All of the above.If you selected a), b), c), or d), you’re in luck! We have the perfect cookie recipe for relishing and relaxing at once. The holidays are a whirlwind of shopping, socializing, and spending time with friends and family, and while that’s all a ton of fun, it can leave anyone feeling a little drained as the season reaches its peak.The solution? Bake up a batch of these classic sugar cookies infused with a healthy dose of cannabutter. They’re easy, festive, delicious, and perfect for delivering a relaxing body high at a busy time of year. Whether you bring a box to your next cannabis-friendly gathering or keep them at home to pair with a mug of cocoa by the fire, they’re guaranteed to please. Pro tip: use the fun and funny cannabis-inspired cookie cutters below so your friends know what kind of cookies they’re getting into!
Cannabis-Themed Cookie Cutters
The perfect way to shape your baked goods? Cannabis-inspired cookie cutters, of course. Check out a few of our favorites for inspiration:Marijuana Leaf Cookie Cutter — It’s classic but incontrovertibly iconic, and the clearest indicator of what’s in the cookie jar.Stash Jar Cookie Cutter — Okay, it’s technically sold as a Mason jar cookie cutter, but we think it could go either way.Legal State Cookie Cutters — Celebrate legalization, or exciting steps in that direction (such as California’s latest news) with state-shaped cookie cutters.B-A-K-E-D Cookie Cutters — Sure, you can spell out anything you want with alphabet cookie cutters, but words with double meanings are more fun.
Recipe for Cannabis-Infused Sugar Cookies
Start to finish: 45 minutesYield: 24 cookiesApproximate dosage: 10mg THC per cookieIngredients2 ½ cups flour, plus more for rolling1 cup sugar1 cup of 240mg cannabutter*1 egg1 teaspoon baking powder1 teaspoon vanilla1 teaspoon saltOptional: Powdered sugar and milk, for frosting*For less potent cookies, switch out any portion of the cannabutter and replace with standard butter as desired.
Recipe: How To Make Basic Cannabis-Infused Butter
Beat cannabutter, sugar, eggs and vanilla in a large bowl on medium speed until thoroughly combined.
In a separate bowl, mix dry ingredients.
Add dry ingredients to cannabutter mixture a little at a time, stirring until all ingredients are incorporated.
Cover dough and refrigerate for an hour or longer.
Remove dough from refrigerator and preheat oven to 375°F.
Roll dough on a generously floured surface to approximately ⅓” thick. Cut cookies (see below for thematic cookie cutter suggestions) and transfer to ungreased baking sheets.
Bake for 10-12 minutes or until lightly golden in color.
Remove from oven, transfer to cooling rack and let cool completely before frosting.
To frost: Combine powdered sugar with milk and stir until desired consistency is reached, then add food coloring as desired. If you like, add a teaspoon or two of cannabutter to thicken the frosting and add an extra kick of potency.Note: The amount of cannabis butter specified in this recipe is a very loose suggestion; the actual amount you use should be modified based on the strength of your cannabutter and the potency you desire. Dosing homemade edibles can be tricky (click here to learn why), so the best way to test for potency is to start with one portion of a serving, wait one to two hours, then make an informed decision on whether to consume more. Always dose carefully and listen to your body, and never drive under the influence of cannabis.
Cannabis Honey is a perfect low-calorie edible alternative. Sometimes, all you want to do is sit back and relax with friends while drinking a coffee or an herbal tea. Honey infused cannabis can help you do just that. Add a few drops to your beverage of choice and enjoy guilt-free indulgence.Making cannabis honey at home is surprisingly simple, and it only requires three ingredients. Remember that you’ll need a little bit of oil or fat to make cannabis honey as the cannabinoids and terpenes are not sugar soluble. To keep this recipe “healthy”, we’ve decided to use unrefined coconut oil. Good coconut oil contains many health benefits. It can help manage your weight, keep your heart healthy, and it is also great for your hair. There are a few different methods to making cannabis honey but we like this one from cannabis.info, as the ingredients are all easy to find.
INGREDIENTS REQUIRED TO MAKE CANNABIS HONEY
11oz/325 ml honey
3.5 grams cannabis buds
1/2 cup coconut oil
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT REQUIRED TO MAKE CANNABIS HONEY
2 mason jars with lids
CANNABIS HONEY COOKING DIRECTIONS
Before infusing the honey, it is a good idea to decarboxylate the weed like we did to make the tincture for the gummies. Cannabis.info recommends roughly chopping the cannabis buds and placing them on a lined baking tray (you can use foil or parchment paper). Bake the chopped buds at 230°F for 30 minutes, turning the cannabis at the half way point to make sure it browns evenly. Decarboxylating the cannabis releases the cannabinoids, like THC, in the same way as smoking.Place the decarboxylated cannabis into a mason jar with the coconut oil and seal the jar with its lid. Bring some water to a boil in a saucepan, you will need enough water to cover half of the mason jar. Place the jar into the water and let it simmer for about 2 hours. Time and heat will allow the cannabinoids and terpenes to be absorbed into the coconut oil.After 2 hours, remove the jar from the saucepan and let it cool. Place a double layer of cheesecloth over a bowl and pour the infused coconut oil into it the bowl. Squeeze out as much of the liquid as you possibly can to get all the goodness of the infused oil. Place the honey and infused oil into a blender and mix well. Pour the honey mixture into a mason jar and voilà!Please remember to consume all edibles responsibly. Start with a little and give it time to work, it takes at least half an hour, if not longer, to feel the effects of edibles. Try this cannabis honey in your next coffee, tea, lemonade, or beverage of choice!Author: irresistiblyediblehttp://www.irresistiblyedible.com/how-to-make-cannabis-honey-at-home/
Whether you roll or bowl, many of us look forward to enjoying cannabis regularly. Yet while smoking is known to be a relaxing activity, one side effect can be stressful: getting the munchies.
Why Does Cannabis Make You Hungry?
Cannabis has been shown to muddle the signals in your brain so you think you’re hungry instead of full. And while many people, such as cancer patients, specifically search out hunger-inducing strains for their medicinal value, those of us who have made resolutions to eat healthier or get in shape may not be so enthusiastic about chowing down on six servings of nachos.Although they’re something we laugh about, the munchies can lose a bit of their entertainment value when they become a constant post-toke habit that messes with your lifestyle goals. Extra calories can mean weight gain, and, if you’re raiding the pantry at night, they can also lead to heartburn, indigestion, and interrupted sleep.So, how to stop them? The following eight tricks can help you avoid the munchies or minimize their effects so you can continue enjoying your cannabis consumption to the fullest and combat this common problem.
1. Be Regimented with Meals Prior to Lighting Up
This goes for anyone struck with the late-night munchies, whether or not they’re cannabis-induced. If you’re not on a solid mealtime schedule, you’ll likely find yourself feeling peckish prior to bedtime. Add a bit of cannabis on top of that, and, well…you know the rest.Set up a schedule to include breakfast, lunch and dinner times, as well as snacks to keep you satisfied between meals, and stick to it. If you’re sated after these meals and snacks, you’ll be way less likely to give in to the munchie madness.If you’re consuming infused edibles as part of your meal, make sure you aren’t going overboard. Perhaps skip the brownie or sweet treat and try using cannabis coconut oil or other cooking oil in a healthier dish instead. There are many options out there that won’t pack on the extra calories.
2. Keep Yourself Busy
It’s totally normal to let your mind wander while you’re high, but if you start thinking about food, turn your brain onto something else. Train yourself to pivot to another activity when the thought of a snack comes to mind. Seriously, it can be anything: play video games, kick it with Bob Ross, or dream up your ultimate cannabis clubhouse. These or any other favorite go-to activity will work, so long as it’s safe to do while under the influence.
3. Get the Taste Out of Your Mouth
When you’re high, you may find yourself appreciating toothpaste and mouthwash for more reasons than one. Not only will you enjoy the minty freshness, it can help you forget the thought of having another mouth-watering peanut butter cookie, and if you do reach for the jar, you’ll find that non-minty flavors taste bad when mixed in with your fresh breath.Happily, brushing your teeth falls into the aforementioned category of safe activities to do while high — two birds, one stone.
4. Try a Different Strain
Whether or not you get the munchies depends in large part on the type of cannabis you’re consuming. If you find yourself unable to control your taste buds after toking, sample a new strain or two in order to find one that better suits your non-snacking goal. Specifically, strains high in CBD and THCV are great for this – check out our list of 10 munchie-banishing strain suggestions, or ask your budtender to help you find something similar.
5. Rid Yourself of Temptation…
Some of us feel that no matter how we try, we just can’t seem to stop snacking while high. If you know you’re going to binge, get rid of everything that you’ll regret eating. Don’t bring any junk food into the house, delete the pizza man’s number…do whatever it takes to keep those regrettable post-cannabis meals away from yourself.
6. …And Prepare for Inevitable Snacking
You can make this an even more successful switch-up by having healthy snacks and foods on hand for when you’re raiding the kitchen cupboards. You’ll be surprised how many easy, tasty options there are for healthy snacks — seriously. In fact, you probably won’t even miss yesterday’s Chinese food or the microwaveable corn dogs once you try a tropical yogurt parfait, for example.
7. Exercise Beforehand to Make Up for Vegging
Here’s another way to prep in advance for your inevitable munchies: get a workout in before you smoke or vape. Find an activity you enjoy, whether it’s running, cycling, lifting weights, or doing yoga. Then, do it and burn enough calories to justify a few snacky morsels later.
8. Use the Munchies to Your Advantage
Finally, if you can’t beat your munchies, make them work for you. Perhaps you’re not a big fan of leafy greens like spinach or kale that are known to be excellent for your health. Wait ’til you’ve taken a few bong hits, them whip up, say, a sautéed spinach frittata. You’ll find it to be way more delicious while elevated, and your body will be thankful for the addition of leafy greens to your diet.In the end, it’s all about knowing yourself and your preferences, so give each of the above methods a shot to determine which proves most helpful. Do what you can and, most importantly, don’t stress out about it too much: that kind of defeats the purpose of cannabis, after all.https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/how-to-stop-munchies-when-high